or many people, the importance of smartphones is growing constantly, not only in a professional context but also in everyday life. Digital technologies are having a greater influence than ever on work processes and daily life. The “Smart Home” concept is now being used in many households. Houses or apartments can be controlled by smartphone: opening and closing windows, regulating heating and turning lights on and off. In agriculture, the use of smartphones to record and manage operating procedures is on the rise – Smart Farming is finding its way onto farms. This is leading to changes in the processes themselves – making it easier to save resources, increase yields and manage the land in a more sustainable way.
Functions of Smart Farming
Smart Farming comprises functions or services such as GPS-controlled machines, smartphone apps and sensors that measure chlorophyll content in order to draw conclusions about the nutrient supply. Knowledge of the nutrient supply in turn allows appropriate fertilisation and thus saves resources. As a result, practical application maps can be drawn up and used to ensure pinpoint-accurate fertilisation.
The focus is also on information and communication technology. Through independent machine communication, data can be exchanged through interfaces and can also be displayed via smartphone apps. As a result of the information collected, farmers can make decisions about individual field or site-specific applications. Statements about the soil condition, e.g. soil moisture, can also be made, so that irrigation systems can be adapted accordingly. Finally, Smart Farming provides support for management decisions based on digital data collection.