Sowing sugar beet, also referred to as “The Queen of Field Crops”, is a demanding task for farmers. Compared to other field crops, the requirements for growing this crop are fairly high. For one thing, the plants have a few obstacles to overcome during growth. The major factors influencing sugar beet sowing and yields are similar to any other crop: the local conditions such as soil and weather. Sufficient rainfall or irrigation during the main growth phase is one of the prerequisites for a good yield. The plants themselves are relatively resistant to short spells of dry weather. However, if they lack water for longer periods, sugar beet plants shed their leaves and form new ones from the beet body – to the detriment of the yield. The seed layer should also be well settled and have a sufficient amount of fine tilth available. To avoid erosion and silting, adding a layer of mulch is also an option. As a result, mulch and direct seeding methods are becoming increasingly popular for sowing sugar beet. A long growth period also has a positive effect on sugar beet yields, so sowing sugar beet early is crucial. The optimum soil temperature for sowing is around 5 degrees Celsius or above. In Central Europe, we tend to get these conditions from the beginning to the middle of March. However, the time frame for sowing sugar beet is limited by both natural factors and the preceding and subsequent crops. A warm dry spring is therefore the first key prerequisite for a high yield when growing sugar beet. Another advantage for the growing conditions are warm summers with sufficient rainfall and prolonged high temperatures. Further factors result from the long-term focus of the arable system and the short-term arable measures applied such as fertilisation, tillage and plant protection. The crop cultivation measures can be documented automatically with the help of digital solutions and the resulting data can be used as a basis for decision-making. Sugar beet is sown using precision seed drills with a spacing of 44 to 50 centimetres between the rows. In order to achieve the largest possible spacing between the plants, seeds can be placed in a zigzag pattern (delta or matrix sowing) using the appropriate equipment. Depending on the germination rate and seed furrow spacing, the optimum crop density is around 95,000 beets per hectare. In order to manage these types of quantities, the logistical conditions are also critical when growing sugar beet. For example, consideration should be given to how the plants will be processed in sugar factories further down the line. In Germany, beet sugar production is consolidated into three large companies that operate regional sugar factories. As such, it does not always make sense to sow sugar beet in just any suitable location. This is why farmland situated over 100 kilometres from the nearest sugar factory is rarely used for growing sugar beet. This effect is slightly weakened by the fact that sugar beet is used in biogas plants to produce energy. The largest producers of sugar beet in Europe are France, with around 420,000 hectares in 2020, followed by Germany (390,000 hectares) then Poland (240,000 hectares). The yields vary depending on the environmental conditions and crop management strategy of each farm. In Germany, the average yield in 2019 was around 70 tonnes per hectare. In good conditions, yields of over 80 tonnes per hectare are also possible. This results in an average yield of 12 tonnes of sugar per hectare, with records of up to 20 tonnes per hectare. In the next section, we will discuss the factors that influence sugar beet yield formation and seed drilling.